Without active DNA repair, damage beyond strand breaks could accumulate, giving rise to mutations leading to age-related blood disorders.
Michael Walch, Farokh Dotiwala and Judy Lieberman unveil a new role for killer cells in bacterial defense. In a recent Cell paper they show that granulysin, an antimicrobial protein present in the cytotoxic granules of human killer lymphocytes, delivers death-inducing granzymes into bacteria, where they rapidly kill bacteria and limit the spread of infection.
Induced hematopoietic stem cells, or iHSCs, bear characteristic features of natural HSCs, represent milestone in regenerative medicine
Ubiquitin doesn't just tag proteins for recycling. It also may help keep our antiviral immune response in balance.
A protein called Tet1 is partly responsible for giving primordial germ cells a clean epigenetic slate before developing into sperm and egg cells, according to a new study by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital.
When the drug Velcade® came on the market in 2003, it was seen as a godsend for patients with multiple myeloma, an intractable blood cancer that until then was uniformly fatal.
A team led by Dr. Qian Yin, a senior postdoctoral fellow in Dr. Hao Wu’s lab used structural and functional approaches to elucidate how an intricate interplay between p202, a critical checkpoint protein involved in autoimmunity, and a protein that monitors the cytoplasm for abnormal dsDNA (AIM2) may be involved in lupus pathogenesis.
Gut bacteria exert a dramatic, systemic effect on the development of the immune system's B-lymphocytes, according to a new mouse study by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital.
Researchers at the Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine at Boston Children's Hospital (BCH), previously known as the Immune Disease Institute (PCMM/IDI), have explained important mechanisms underlying immune memory, specifically how antigens are retained over long periods of time and made repeatedly accessible to B cells.
According to members of the Zhang lab, stem cells that strongly express a gene called WNT3 are biased to develop into cells and tissues including pancreas, liver and bladder.
Research led by graduate student Kimberly Martinod and Denisa Wagner, Ph.D., adds a new twist to the growing body of evidence of neutrophils' role in dangerous blood clots
A team led by Timothy A. Springer, Ph.D., of Boston Children's Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, used X-ray crystallography to work out both the three-dimensional structure of TRAP and how it changes shape as it helps the parasite move about.
BOSTON (July 7, 2014) -- My first car was my grandfather’s 1980 Chevrolet Malibu. For about two years before my family gave it to me, it sat unused in Grandpa’s garage—just enough time for all of the belts and hoses to rot and the battery to trickle down to nothing.
Why am I telling this story? Because it’s much like what happens to the DNA in our blood-forming stem cells as we age.
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) spend very little of their lives in an active, cycling state. Much of the time they’re quiescent or dormant, keeping their molecular and metabolic processes dialed down. These quiet periods allow the cells to conserve resources, but also give time an opportunity to wear away at their genes.
“DNA damage doesn’t just arise from mistakes during replication,” explains Derrick Rossi, PhD, a stem cell biology researcher with Boston Children’s Hospital’s Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine. “There… Read More »
Dr. Quian Yin was awarded the Pathway to Independence Award by the National Institutes of Health to support her research on the structure and function of the inflammasomes. Inflammation is a tightly… Read More »
Dr. Hongxia Fu, a postdoctoral fellow in the Springer lab, is the 2014 recipient of the Judith Graham Pool Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, awarded by the… Read More »